After the Industrial Revolution in England, there was an influx of British manufactured goods into India which ruined industries, particularly the textile industry, of India. … History, Indian History, Freedom Struggle, Revolts, The Revolt of 1857. Sepoys in the Presidency of Bengal revolted against their British officers. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. You can Read First GK> Revolt of 1857 – Sepoy Mutiny – Study Notes [PDF] Q.1 Which place is not a center of sepoy mutiny? Emergence of press, development of rapid means of transport and communication, and the impact of the contemporary European movement accelerated the growth of this national sentimence. Begun in Meerut by Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of the British East India Company, it spread to Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, and Lucknow. Rani Lakshmi Bai’s adopted son was not permitted to sit on the throne of Jhansi. Began as mutiny of sepoys (Indian soldiers of the British East India Company's army on 10 May 1857, in the town of Meerut. Revolt of 1857 (Sepoy Mutiny) multiple choice questions for your upcoming exams like SSC, CGL, IAS Railway etc. Besides, the missionaries were allowed to make conversions to Christianity all over India. Soon there was a rebellion in the Meerut Cantonment. Satara, Nagpur and Jhansi were annexed under the Doctrine of Lapse. The main causes were disunity of the Indians, lack of complete nationalism etc. Nationalist Imageries of the Revolt: Revolt of 1857 was celebrated as first war of Independence. It began on May 10, 1857 when Indian sepoys from the East Indian Company's army created a mutiny in Meerut that soon spread throughout the central and northern India cities. The Revolt of 1857 had been preceded by a series of disturbances in different parts of the country from the late eighteenth century onwards. The Revolt of 1857 eventually broke out over the incident of greased cartridges. They developed the suspicion that the Government was trying to convert Indians to Christianity.After the annexation of Awadh the Nawab’s army was disbanded. The right to adopt sons as legal heirs was accepted. But by September 1857, the British reoccupied Delhi. The revolt began on May 10, 1857, at Meerut as a sepoy mutiny. The Sanyasi Rebellion in North Bengal and the Chunar rebellion in Bihar and Bengal broke out in the late eighteenth century. Project By Manas Joshi Revolt Of 1857 14. On 9 May 1857, they were severely punished for this. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 began as a mutiny of sepoys of the East India Company's army on 10 May 1857, in the cantonment of the town of Meerut, and soon escalated into other mutinies and civilian rebellions largely in the upper Gangetic plain and central India, with the major hostilities confined to present-day Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, northern Madhya Pradesh, and the Delhi region. Sindhia, a loyal ally of the British, was driven out. Defeated the rebels (Nana Sahib's force) on 17th July, 1857. 1. Acknowledgement – Indian Revolt of 1857. At Be… It was merely a product of Sepoy but was accumulated grievances of the people against the Company’s administration and of their dislike for the foreign regime. An Act in 1850 changed the Hindu law of inheritance enabling a Hindu who had converted into Christianity to inherit his ancestral properties. 1. Nana Saheb, Tantia Tope and Rani Lakshmi Bai were brave leaders, no doubt, but they could not offer effective leadership to the movement as a whole. Sepoys in the Presidency of Bengal revolted against their British officers. This war brought about the end of the British East India Company’s rule in India, and led to the direct rule by the British Government (British Raj) of much of the Indian Subcontinent for the next 90 years. Recapture of Bareilly on 5th May, 1858. The English, on the other hand, received a steady supply of men, money and arms in India. The feelings of the unrest that was growing among the Indians finally got manifested in the form of revolt of 1857. The revolt of 1857 is regarded by many as the First War of Indian Independence. 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The Great Rebellion of 1857 or what was supposed to be a ‘sepoy mutiny’ has undoubtedly been a major landmark in colonial South Asian history.1. Chief Commissioner of Awadh. In 1856 Lord Canning issued the General Services Enlistment Act which required that the sepoys must be ready to serve even in British land across the sea. Some of the local rulers like Scindia of Gwalior, the Holkar of Indore, the Nizam of Hyderabad, the Raja of Jodhpur, the Nawab of Bhopal, the rulers of Patiala, Sindh, and Kashmir, and the Rana of Nepal provided active support to the British. The Revolt of 1857 started as a sepoy mutiny. Dalhousie announced in 1849, that the successor of Bahadur Shah II would have to leave the Red Fort. But she was ultimately defeated by the English. Small precursors of brewing discontent involving incidences of arson in cantonment areas began to manifest themselves in January. The revolt marked the end of the East India Company’s rule in India. The victory was short- lived. The sever famines which devoured millions of people remained issues, that were never addressed. For six days there was desperate fighting. The British finally attacked Delhi in September. Learning of the fall of Delhi by telegraph, many British administrators hastened to remove themselves, their families and servants to places of safety. Lucknow was the capital of Awadh. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 began as a mutiny of sepoys of the East India Company's army on 10 May 1857, in the cantonment of the town of Meerut, and soon escalated into other mutinies and civilian rebellions largely in the upper Gangetic plain and central India, with the major hostilities confined to present-day Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, northern Madhya Pradesh, and the Delhi region. It is also known by other names: the Indian Mutiny, the Indian Rebellion of 1857, or the Indian Revolt of 1857. Suppressed the revolt at Arrah in August 1857. The Rani of Jhansi fought like a tigress. On July 8, 1858, fourteen months after the outbreak at Meerut, peace was finally proclaimed by Canning. The main causes were disunity of the Indians, lack of complete nationalism etc. 3. The Doctrine of Lapse was abolished. In a recent project, historian D. Kirti Narain uncovers the veil of anonymity surrounding scores of women — royals, aristocrats, courtesans, and commoners — … It began as a revolt of the sepoys of the Company’s army but eventually secured the participation of the masses. National movement in 20th century drew its inspiration from the events of 1857. She fought gallantly against the British forces. India was transformed into a supplier of raw materials and a consumer of goods manufactured in Britain. Many among these groups were unable to meet the heavy revenue demands and repay their loans to money lenders, eventually losing the lands that they had held for generations. Grate freedom fighter, Barrister V.D. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also called the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, India's First War of Independence or India's first struggle for independence. In a recent project, historian D. Kirti Narain uncovers the veil of anonymity surrounding scores of women — royals, aristocrats, courtesans, and commoners — … The 1857 war of Independence, or Indian Rebellion of 1857, was the first Indian war of Independence and it was contained on June 20,1858 with the fall of Gwalior. The Revolt of 1857 is also called the Sepoy Mutiny or India's First War of Independence. This was insulting for both hindus and muslims who were inthe sepoy army. The occupation of Delhi was short-lived. Causes of the Revolt of 1857 Political Economic Military Social Administrative ... Ss project history Yash Chopra. The Post Office Act of 1854 withdrew the free postage facility for them. The mutiny-rebellion has been the topic of fierce historical controversy. In this article, we have summarized the causes, impact, importance, and outcomes of the revolt. It shook the foundations of the British Empire in India and at some points it seemed as though the British rule would end for all time to come. The Revolt of 1857 was an extremely important event in Indian history. We know how the British got their strong hold in India. This was insulting for both hindus and muslims who were inthe sepoy army. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. [RAS/RTS 2012] A: Ajmer […] 3. We know how the British got their strong hold in India. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. 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The military equipment of the rebels was inferior. There are various views regarding events of 1857. Before loading these rifles the sepoys had to bite off the paper on the cartridges.  Lack of coordination between the sepoys, peasants, zamindars and other classes, was also a reason. the revolt of 1857 was very important in determining Indian history. Revolt of 1857: Sepoys’started revolt by capturing the arms from stores and plundering the treasury, afterward they attacked and ransack all government offices like jail, treasury-, telegraph office, record room, bungalows etc. Although serious and, in some cases, long drawn, these did not pose any serious threat to the existence of the British Empire. It failed to have the character of an all-India struggle.Important rulers like Sindhia, Holkar, Rana of Jodhpur and others did not support the rebels. It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. The rebellion began on 10 May 1857 in the form of a mutiny of sepoys of the Company's army in the garrison town of Meerut, 40 mi (64 km) northeast of Delhi (now Old Delhi). They were required to serve in areas far away from their homes. THE REVOLT OF 1857 “The Sepoy Mutiny” 2. 1 Administrative Reasons for Failure of 1857 Revolt. A sepoy, Mangal Pandey on 29 th March 1857, killed senior officers on parade and started the revolt. The mutiny-rebellion has been the topic of fierce historical controversy. Killed Bahadur Shah's sons and grandsons in Delhi. Rani Lakshmi Bai escaped. The sepoys wanted an end to the British rule and make Bahadur Shah Zafar their leader. Title: THE REVOLT OF 1857 1 THE REVOLT OF 1857 2 THE GREAT REVOLT THE FIRST WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 3 (No Transcript) 4 Mangal Pandey 5 THE OUT BURST. Later, a large-scale rebellion broke out in May and turned into what may be called a full-fledged war in the affected region. Jan- Mar, 1857. It was initiated by sepoys in the Bengal Presidency against the British officers. In 1857 march there was a rumour that the cartilage used in guns were made of flesh of pig. Art, literature, history, stories, paintings, films have helped in keeping the memory of 1857 revolt alive. Mangal Pandey On March 29, 1857, on the parade ground at Barrackpore, a sepoy named Mangal Pandey fired the first shot of the uprising. The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. Died at Lucknow while fighting against the rebels. • The Indian sepoys were required to work far off without extra Bhatta or payment. The Governor General’s office was replaced by that of the Viceroy. The Indian public which does not like sudden changes was applied with the new laws and customs which were anathema to the … Final recovery of Kanpur on 6th December, 1857. 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