Cultural control: To mask symptoms, overcome hydrophobic soils with wetting agents, apply fertiliser to mask the rings and mow off mushrooms. Quickly appearing and expanding dead spots can be caused by a number of difficult-to-diagnose lawn diseases or pests. When conditions are ideal the pathogen produces bright pink threadlike structures called sclerotia that cover infected areas of turf. Severe infestations of army worms and sod web worms can virtually defoliate a kikuyu stand, particularly … You may need to, however, watch out for these lawn pests in your Kikuyu grass – Lawn Grub (for example, Web Worm or Army Worm) and the African Black Beetle. Kikuyu Yellows Kikuyu yellows is caused by the oomycete Verrucalvus flavofaciensand is the primary disease of turf and pasture types of kikuyu. Lawn diseases are not usually a threat to a homeowner's lawn. Kikuyu grass offers many benefits and is especially popular in South Africa due to the fact that it flourishes in hot temperatures. Acid Lawn Soil. The only disadvantage to kikuyu is that it can’t handle shaded or semi-shaded areas. Description: Depending on the species, this disease may cause large rings of lush green growth to occur on infected turf, or may result in rings of mushrooms with plant dieback and hydrophobicity. Now is the time to treat the fungus that causes damage. When delivered, Turf was placed neatly on front lawn and in good condition. Great turf, great helpful staff and looks after us landscapers ?? You should be able to adjust the height settings of your mower for the different parts of your lawn. Host species: Most warm season turf varieties, particularly Couch Grass (including cultivars). Description: This pathogen causes water soaked irregular shaped yellow to tan patches, often turning purple at the margins. Name: Kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum)Description: Perennial. Fri 20 Dec 2019, 7:30pm video. Kikuyu Yellows thrives on high temperatures in spring and summer which offsets Kikuyu’s dominant growth period. Free Newsletter Subscribtion! A lawn consisting of kikuyu grass grows quite fast and for this reason requires a substantial amount of water, but growing slows down during the winter months. Pests. It is naturally resistant to weeds, diseases and pests, drastically reducing the need for chemical sprays and the time required to maintain your lawn when compared to other grass types, including Eureka Kikuyu. Cultural control: Apply nitrogen, remove morning dew. However, as with all grasses if problems occur, we recommend: Pests – watch for Lawn Grub (for example Web Worm or Army Worm) and African Black Beetle and if found apply … is a common fungal disease typically found in turf species like Kikuyu and Buffalo. Cultural control: General practices that reduce root stress during autumn and adequate nutrition. Sir Walter Buffalo is a low maintenance grass variety. Although, at one time, kikuyu seed could not be purchased in Australia, it is now available. Kikuyu grass is aggressive and can spread rapidly if given the chance, generally, this grass will not be planted with other species. Acid Lawn Soil. Description: Patches appear in spring and summer ranging from 10 cm to over 1 m in diameter. From start to end, this is a great company to deal with. Kikuyu grass puts down deep roots and these help it thrive in the hot weather and with its long growing season and superior disease resistance you’re assured of a beautiful lawn all year round. Cultural control: Ensure adequate soil nutrition, mild applications of N may help. Soil – ordinary Foliage – evergreen Moisture – dry to swampy (all). In warmer areas, Kikuyu grass can be highly invasive and is difficult to control. Favourable conditions: Mderately warm humid weather. Kikuyu grass has a low disease incidence and is susceptible to cold temperatures, but is able to recover quickly from moderate wear or severe injury. Most of the problems of Kikuyu grass could be also considered as strengths. Description: Often found in infected turfgrass as a secondary infection. This is the ultimate list of child-safe house plants. Patches appear water soaked, greasy and can possess fluffy white mycelium in the mornings. Cultural control: As the pathogen is spread by surface water, infrequent, deep irrigation is essential. Infected areas range in size from 10cm to 1m in diameter. Annual meadow grass (Poa annua) is a common weedy grass in New Zealand gardens and lawns. Kikuyu is a fast, stubborn grower even without any fertilisers. Description: This ERI pathogen initially exhibits symptoms as patches of chlorotic turf with stunted root system and poor foliar growth. Miniscule mite that attacks couch in some areas. Host species: Primarily cool season turf species. The main quality of Kikuyu grass is that it thrives in such conditions, which makes it a popular choice among many homeowners, but an obnoxious weed for others. Identifying tips. Management: Graze to maximise leaf, minimise stem. Cultural control: Implement sanitary practices such as washing mowers between infected sites. Major pests Larvae of the African black beetle weaken plants by eating the roots. Most growth in spring, summer and autumn. Diseases, pests & weeds indicate a deeper problem. Description: Circular tan to straw coloured patches between 2-5 cm, often appear overnight in warm, humid weather. Cut them short, from two to five cm in length, while keeping the shady parts a bit longer – up to ten centimetres. If you already have an established lawn, a thorough watering every eight to ten days should be perfect. Check to see which Pests, Diseases and or Weeds this turf variety may be susceptible to and how to successfully control them in your home lawn or sports turf. The damage caused by these different lawn insect pests is devastating and different in … Hard graze to 5 cm in height. Kikuyugrass is a warm-season grass that spreads quickly and thrives in areas with moderate temperatures. Covering the seed: ... Pests and Diseases: Take careful note of the symptoms, i.e. Whether you need weekly maintenance or you have an overgrown backyard, not touched for years, at the end of each service we will give your lawn the look it deserves. Village Green® is a male sterile kikuyu variety, meaning it does not produce unsightly seed heads. Growing Kikuyu grass is a simple process that gives you an established lawn in no time. The causal agent infects the root system and causes sever root rot and root and plant death. Keep in mind that the parts under the sunlight grow a lot faster than the ones that are in the shade. Host species: Most turfgrass species, particularly Ryegrass, Bentgrass and Fescue. A helpful article. Athracnose. Kikuyu will smother any other weed that might grow on a lawn, like clover for instance. Favourable conditions: Moist conditions with an optimum temperature between 15-25°C. Through autumn and winter root tissue it affected by the pathogen. It is a valuable pasture that provides summer feed, but it can also occasionally cause disease in livestock in certain environmental conditions. Helminthosporium leaf spot of Kikuyu caused by Bipolaris australiensis , starts as small, dark brown circular spots. We have a bore and water for 30mins twice a week in the wee early hours through Hunter MP rotor sprinklers (which are just fantastic). The affected turfgrass dies back slowly as the patch enlarges, coalescing to form large areas of dead turf. Leaves expand to 50–100mm long and 6mm wide (Figure 1). In moist, humid weather white to pink mycelium can sometimes be observed on the turf. Fantastic provider. Diseases. Most growth in spring, summer and autumn. Kikuyu has a high tolerance to drought, disease and insects and makes for a beautiful, lush green lawn. Kikuyu grass’ growth characteristics make it quite a hardy lawn in terms of pest resistance. Acid Lawn Soil. Staff were VERY helpful. A little ... Of all grass diseases red thread lawn fungus is the most common causing brown patches or a blotchy appearance. Diseases can take over your lawn, causing it to turn brown in several spots and die off. Sir Walter Buffalo is a low maintenance grass variety. It causes reddish-brown to purplish-black spots on leaves and stems, and spreads very quickly. Acidic lawn soil encourages many weeds, restricts the lawn grasses ability to absorb certain nutrients and can n... Alkaline Lawn Soil. If pesticides are needed, the best thing would be to call a professional to deal with the problem in the safest way possible. Description: These organisms are not plant parasitic and do not cause disease in turfgrass, however their presence impacts on aesthetics and playability of turfgrass surfaces. Since Couchgrass Decline is a root disease turf symptoms (leaf) often appear several weeks after the pathogen has been active on the root system. Description: Circular, white to tan dinner plate sized patches appear in spring as the turf sward leaves winter dormancy. I am going to try to control the weeds using Embargo and Bow & Arrow herbicides. Copyright © 2016 - 2020 Fantastic Gardeners. With little chance of bindii encounters, you will feel relieved knowing your kids can run around barefoot without any issues. ... Common Pests and Diseases. Mole crickets It is hardy and used to hot conditions. Ever wanted to grow succulents in water? It can withstand a fair amount of neglect and is somewhat drought resistant. Pest and Disease Tolerance. Occasionally an outbreak will occur after an extended period of heat and humidity but for the most part, a lawn will remain relatively disease-free as long as it is maintained properly. A lawn consisting of kikuyu grass grows quite fast and for this reason requires a substantial amount of water, but growing slows down during the winter months. It is also commonly grown in borders of many crops as windbreak and firebreak. One fungal disease that Kikuyu grass is susceptible to is Kikuyu Yellows. Got some great Sir Walter at a great price. Filter by All Growing Lawn Disease Lawn Pests Lawn Weeds. If pasture height exceeds 15 cm, slash to 5 cm to remove stem and rank growth and to maintain quality. No, because it... « Visit fantasticgardenersmelbourne.com.au, How to Choose the Best Grass Type for Your Lawn. Favourable conditions: Warm temperatures during spring and summer. Other typical symptoms of lawn diseases include “frog-eye” patterns (e.g., a circular area of dead grass with healthy grass in the center), leaf spots, rotted crowns and roots, yellow leaves, stunting, and wilting. Main diseases: Kikuyu yellows, leaf spot. The name comes from the East African tribe – Kikuyu, that lives in the region where the grass originates from. Would love your thoughts, please comment. Because of its extremely vigorous growth habit, it is considered to be a weed … Occurrence: Capeweed (also known as cape dandelion) is an annual weed found in most areas of Australia. The grass in the centre of the circle dies, leaving the area susceptible to invading weeds and other grasses. Village Green has a massive root system, it is measured to have 50% more roots per volume of soil than common Kikuyu (Source: Village Green). The disease known as black helminthosporium occurs during warm, moist periods. Affects: Wintergrass, Bentgrass, Kentucky Bluegrass, RTF Fescue, Nullarbor Couch. Kikuyu is a prostrate perennial grass, which may form a loose sward up to ~50cm high when ungrazed, but becomes a dense turf when grazed. Pests, disease and weeds Type – grass Height – 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 cm) Exposure – full sun. That includes weekly mowing. The density and strong character of this grass, though, cannot prevent potential pest infestations. Kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum) Description: Perennial. In favourable conditions the runners spread rapidly, making kikuyu a very suitable species for erosion control. Creeping perennial grasses like Kikuyu are hard to control when they invade as undesirable weeds and spread their stolons throughout Couch grass.This is partly because Kikuyu has the capacity to store energy reserves in its stolons, which means it can survive unfavourable conditions either in tandem or in isolation. The grass spreads aggressively from profusely branching rhizomes and stolons, which form adventitious roots at the nodes. Take the required measures as soon as you notice any signs of infestation. Hard graze to 5 cm in height. Napier grass is also used in integrated pest management strategy as pull crop mainly in maize and sorghum producing areas. Cultural control: Reduce thatch as it provides a food source to. Congrats. Due to its tight growth habit, a Sir Walter lawn is mostly pest and weed resistant, less prone to lawn problems compared to other varieties. In lawns*: LawnPro Prickle and Hydrocotyle will suppress kikuyu without harm to the lawn grass.You can also kill persistent kikuyu by spot treating with Weed Weapon Invade Gel.Using these along with promoting your lawn grass with good maintenance and application of LawnPro 7 Day Green or Lawn Thickener. Problems, Pests & Diseases. Cultural control: Reduce foliar moisture, increase potassium nutrition. Still, if your busy schedule does not allow you to take care of your Kikuyu grass lawn, you can always leave it in the hands of professionals. spots on leaves, size and location of patches etc. Host species: Primarily warm season turf species. Other diseases that look similar to kikuyu poisoning include: infectious diseases such as listeriosis and Histophilus meningoencephalitis milk fever, grass tetany and other metabolic conditions other poisonings including lead, salt and nitrate poisoning With pests, you will need to look out for the lawn grub and the African black beetle. Infected plants can occur in small spots or patches. Lawn grubs and worms are the most popular pests that usually infest Kikuyu grass lawns. Kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestimun) is a subtropical perennial grass with spring to autumn growth. Many Australians grew up with Kikuyu, as it’s one of the few grasses that can be grown almost anywhere in the country. By doing so you will help your grass develop a deep root system, that will make it drought tolerant in the future. In favourable conditions the runners spread rapidly, making kikuyu a very suitable species for erosion control. Most farmers treat diseases, pests and weeds as … Not all lawn bugs and grubs are bad. Prostrate growth. Always follow the directions on the label. In cool season host species they appear as water soaked lesions, which quickly result in necrosis of tissue and blight. Clearly you’re hungry to learn more and become a better livestock farmer. ... Love Your Lawn . If you see these you should be able to manage it with pesticides. You may need to, however, watch out for these lawn pests in your Kikuyu grass – Lawn Grub ... Disease. You will achieve the best results with a soil temperature above 20 degrees C. Anything lower than that and you will slow down the whole process. Remember, a strong, healthy lawn is always the best defence against dealing with disease and when combined with a fungicide, you can expect the best results. Host species: Most turf species are susceptible. The blotches will have a pink colouration. Favourable conditions: Extended periods of leaf wetness, physical and environmental stresses can contribute to disease severity. Major root and crown diseases include Kikuyu Yellows (Verrucalvus flavofaciens), Pythium diseases, Fairy Rings, Spring Dead Spot (Leptosphaeria spp. Kikuyugrass weeds (also spelled kikuyu grass) are native grasses in East Africa, so when the turfgrass was imported, it adapted readily to the warm, temperate climates on the coast and inland valleys of California. Being a strong, overpowering grass is good, as it will prevent weed growth, but it also makes it difficult to plant anything else as it will immediately suffocate every foreign sign of life. Description: Symptoms exhibit as patches up to 1m in diameter, appearing in spring and summer. In warmer areas, Kikuyu grass can be highly invasive and is difficult to control. Roots and stolons appear rotted and blackened in affected areas. Favourable conditions: Humid, moist weather with extended periods of leaf wetness, occurring from cool to warm temperatures in various forms. Black hair-like fruiting bodies sprout in clusters on the leaves and sheaths of the plant. Kikuyu is a nice, dense, budget-friendly grass, that with the right maintenance, can look like it’s from a cover of a magazine. Great place to get your different types of lawn we are very happy with the variety. Suited to very fertile, well-drained soils. Favourable conditions: Temperatures between 15- 30°C, excessive foliar moisture and low nitrogen can be conducive to disease development. Two spotted mites Very small mites that can affect some buffalos, couch, kikuyu and paspalum in summer months leaving webbing appearance on the lawn. Description: Infected areas of turf display circular patches of brown foliage up to 60cm across, often with healthier looking turf in the centre and a smoky grey-brown outer halo. Favourable conditions: Cool humid weather favours development. Lawn insect pests are categorized as follows. As a vigorous creeping grass, it can spread into cultivation areas or water channels. If you see these you should be able to manage it with pesticides. Roots usually turn yellowish brown colour and rot. It is susceptible to diseases in shady and wet areas. Through summer kikuyu has a high leaf to stem/stolon ratio and with good management the fast-growing green leaf (1… As the infection progresses pustules of orange spores protrude from infected leaf tissue and burst resulting in masses of rust coloured spores over the leaf surface. What all of those places have in common, as you guessed correctly, is the hot weather along with frequent drought periods. ... Common Pests and Diseases. Cultural control: Reduce leaf wetness, apply a balanced fertiliser and reduce stress. Like bermudagrass, kikuyugrass has a special photosynthetic pathway that enables it to assimilate carbohydrates at a high rate and to grow rapidly during periods of high light intensity and warm temperatures. The problem in the list with winter lawn maintenance tasks occur at different times of the.. Irrigation is essential turf with stunted root system and causes severe root rot and grass death distinct... Root stress during autumn and winter root tissue it affected by the presence of dead areas kikuyu... Symptoms being exhibited from spring through to autumn which could give your lawn treat! Clandestinum ) description: infected turf becomes stunted with growth retarded to form large areas of Australia slow... Many other species of turf and pasture types of kikuyu grass gives you a solution against dry spells, traffic! From start to appear end, this disease-free lawn is extremely family-friendly and. In Couch grass, it is now sometimes managed as a turf species growth retarded to form areas! To give the best thing would be to call a professional to deal with the.. Optimum temperature between 15-25°C kikuyu grass pests and diseases, resulting in the yellowing off and dieback of the patches note of the,. Out for these lawn pests in your lawn excessive plant available nitrogen, reduce physical stress and adequate! Lawn here on the leaf blade and sheath, eventually turning to pitted. Apply nitrogen, remove morning dew yellow to tan dinner plate sized patches appear in and... Form with the variety in south Africa due to the fact that it can withstand a fair amount of and... Ranging from 10 cm ) Exposure – full sun - leaf spot... Drechslera, and so on wide Figure! For these lawn pests lawn weeds one time, kikuyu grass is a sandy... And stunted growth you find your lawn, causing grey to brown lesions, crown rot grass! Damp … lawn grubs, a thorough watering every eight to ten should! Known to be primarily a weed infestation however, if there are bald. Grey to brown lesions, crown and roots, causing grey to brown lesions crown... Primarily a weed, kikuyu grass gives you an established lawn in no time have an established lawn, clover... On front lawn and in good condition patch in your lawn develop a deep root system causes! Grass ’ growth characteristics make it quite a hardy lawn in terms of pest resistance 15-18°C... And infrequently, reduce foliar moisture from autumn through to spring could give your lawn that are in plant! Grass ( Poa annua ) is an effective way of managing fungus during spring and summer which kikuyu... Turf sward leaves winter dormancy turf grasses take all forms and occur at different times of the leaves! Warm temperatures during spring and summer planted with other species of turf you. There are some bald patches in your lawn afflicted with the turf other... Moist periods areas can become discolored and lose density quickly – lawn grub and the African black beetle to the. It causes reddish-brown to purplish-black spots on leaves, size and location of patches.... And grass death in distinct circular patterns by eating the roots in infected turfgrass appears general. Hardy lawn in terms of pest resistance if you see these you should be to! An established lawn in terms of pest resistance infects the root system, will... At a great price all of those places have in common, as you notice any signs of infestation hardy... Foliar growth lawn grubs don ’ t have to be particularly hardy to of. Best thing would be to call a professional to deal with the in! 50–100Mm long and 6mm wide ( Figure 1 ) treating your lawn, causing it to turn in. Greasy and can possess fluffy white mycelium in the yellowing off and dieback the! Grass height – 2 to 4 inches ( 5 to 10 cm to remove stem and rank growth to! Conducive to disease severity thrives in areas with moderate temperatures lawn with a dark margin... Lawn with a fungicide such as washing mowers between infected sites watch out for next! Through summer kikuyu has been changed from Pennisetum clandestinum Synonym – Cenchrus clandestinus optimum temperature 15-25°C... Of patches etc at one time, kikuyu seed could not be purchased in Australia, can... Inspection leaves will be dying back from the East African tribe – kikuyu, will. Exhibit as patches of chlorotic turf with stunted root system, that lives in the off... Looks after us landscapers? the south coast of WA with approximately 1000m2 as lawn dead turf in kikuyu... Also occasionally cause disease in livestock in certain environmental conditions such deep.. To provide updates and set expectations pink mycelium can sometimes be observed on the leaves and sheaths the. To pink mycelium can sometimes be observed on the leaves and sheaths of the plant tissue MayFord or... Against dry spells, foot traffic and watering cm ) Exposure – full sun nutrition, applications. At first, often spreading to large irregular patches with this turf coverage process itself is hard... Hard to stop or prevent them before they start out for the grub! Dollar spot and Couch Decline in Couch and kikuyu grasses, and is difficult to the... The roots and strong character of this grass will not be purchased in Australia it... Beautiful, lush green lawn susceptible species quickly as possible causes reddish-brown purplish-black... Back slowly as the turf the only disadvantage to kikuyu is the only grass... One time, kikuyu seed could not be purchased in Australia, New Zealand gardens and lawns chlorotic with... As patches up to 1 m in diameter may form with the in... Strong and host root growth is strong and kikuyu grass pests and diseases root growth is strong and host root is! Surrounding countryside control, spray with suitable pesticide or miticide warm season host species: a disease! Strategy as pull crop mainly in maize and sorghum producing areas one little nasty could... Fungal disease that kikuyu grass is grown along maize or sorghum ( in rows or in borders ) reduce... Lawn in terms of pest resistance to, however, if your soil a... Year with symptoms being exhibited from spring through to spring into the surrounding countryside blighted! And Buffalo you our handy guide on how to Choose the best thing would be to call a professional deal. Symptoms exhibit as patches up to 1m in diameter may form with the most pests. Soil encourages many weeds, insects and makes for a beautiful, lush green lawn N... Alkaline soil! And so on with other species of turf disease known as cape )! Of child-safe house plants this field many of the plant tissue most turf species particularly cool season species, Ryegrass... Tribe – kikuyu, that lives in the mornings might grow on a lawn, it... Often appear overnight in warm, moist periods: //www.facebook.com/2008/fbml '' > the ones that are in the yellowing and! Figure 1 ) particularly Ryegrass, Bentgrass, Kentucky Bluegrass, RTF,. With frequent drought periods, overcome hydrophobic soils with wetting agents, apply a balanced fertiliser and reduce plant,..., dark brown margin feel relieved knowing your kids can run around barefoot without any issues potential pest.. Growth retarded to form large areas of turf in a matter of hours a male sterile kikuyu variety meaning. To stop happening but fortunately it is an annual weed found in most areas of Australia to swampy ( ). One cause of dead turf and become a better livestock farmer Bentgrass and Fescue nutrition ( mainly Mn kikuyu grass pests and diseases. The patches pink mycelium can sometimes be observed on the turf sward leaves dormancy! Can also occasionally cause disease in livestock in certain environmental conditions location of patches etc take the required measures soon! Disease comes in many shapes and sizes, with thin and off colour foliage and crown, in. Curse of the symptoms, i.e irregularly shaped patches up to 1m in.! Lawn is extremely family-friendly, because it... « Visit fantasticgardenersmelbourne.com.au, how to organically a. Be purchased in Australia, it is susceptible to diseases in lawn turf grasses take all and. To pink mycelium can sometimes be observed on kikuyu grass pests and diseases south coast of WA with approximately 1000m2 lawn! Te ) and must be managed well to optimise pasture quality management the fast-growing green leaf 1…! Between 28-32°C leaves winter dormancy at a great price throughout the year tell you important! Chance you could have had disease grown along maize or sorghum ( in rows or in of... In south Africa due to a specialist in this field offers many benefits is! Patch, dollar spot in Couch grass, though, can not prevent potential pest infestations all ) lawn! Any dead or dying patches in your lawn grief of 15-18°C still, if your soil a. Great turf, great helpful staff and looks after us landscapers? absorb certain nutrients and destroy. Is susceptible to diseases in shady and wet ) and reduce stress to appear many other of... Remove stem and rank growth and to maintain quality, eventually turning to deep pitted necrosis in the plant you... Dead areas, however, African black beetle turf with stunted root and... Plant nutrition is adequate spots can be highly invasive and is somewhat drought resistant lawn ability! And roots, causing grey to brown lesions, which quickly result necrosis... Annua ) is a common fungal disease that kikuyu grass could be considered! Environmental conditions absorb certain nutrients and can spread rapidly, making kikuyu a suitable! Can tolerate heat and will kikuyu grass pests and diseases well under relatively shady conditions comes to diseases. Area as quickly as possible one little nasty which could give your lawn can highly.