Causes behind the Revolt of 1857. British expansionist policies, most of Raja’s, Nawab’s and zamindar’s, were either dispossessed or became subsidiary to the British 2. The Revolt of 1857 is called as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’, ‘Great Revolt’ and the ‘First War of Indian Independence‘ is the turning point in the account of pre-independent and early colonial India. The revolt was the result of religious insult to the sepoys. But after 1688,Indian textiles become so popular in England that pepper, indigo,spices and other goods were. Unpopular revenue settlement 1. The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. (iv) Removal of kings from the power. Peasants, rural artisans etc. The policy of the British Company to cripple the Indian trade and commerce by imposing heavy duties and import of the machine-made goods at a nominal duty was much against the wishes of the people. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. Destruction of traditional Indian Economy. Other general causes of revolt were the British land revenue policies and the systems of law and administration. The revolt of 1857 was though a regional manifestation yet the causes and the events that instigated the revolt were surely having a Pan-Indian characteristic. There were many political, military, religious, social and economic causes of the Indian rebellion of 1857. A) Heavy taxation. The tenure of Dalhousie was pathetic as far as concerns of the Indian natives are concerned. 1. Causes of Revolt The revolt of 1857 witnessed in large parts of North and Central India was an armed rebellion triggered due to number of political and economic policies of British. Bareily: The imperialist policy of the East India Company was an important factor. The Revolt of 1857, also regarded as India's First War of Independence is an extremely important event of Indian history. Explain the political and economic causes for the revolt of 1857. The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. Annexation of princely states = no patronage for artisans = destruction of Indian handicrafts. As a result, there was an increase in dissatisfaction and hatred against British rule among different sections of Indian society. People felt that the British policies were exploiting India as a country economically. The self-confidence of the British and their plans for the rapid westernization of India through social reforms were shattered. Explain the military causes which led to the revolt of 1857. ii. The revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic, socio-religious and military causes. • The peasants suffered due to high revenue demands and the strict revenue collection A natural concequences of the British rule was the economic exploitation of the country. The peasantry were never really to recover from the disabilities imposed by the new and a highly unpopular revenue settlement. This led to extreme resentment among the successors of rulers who died without a natural heir. The revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic,socio-religious and military causes. If the answer is not available please wait for a while and a community member will probably answer this soon. They one by one became victims of British expansionism 4… Political causes: (i) Policy of Doctrine of Lapse. The middle and upper classes of India … Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. The revolt of 1857 in India was an important landmark in shaping the British rule towards Indians. Political Causes ; Social Causes ; Religious Causes ; Economic Causes ; Administrative Causes ; Military Causes; 9 POLITICAL CAUSES. The whites also started interfering in the religious and cultural affairs of Indians and … The dissolution of courts following the annexation of princely states by the British left many highly skilled artisans virtually jobless. The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. The Revolt of 1857 took place due to various reasons rather than any single event. 1. Originally peasants, even some evicted from land, these sanyasis were joined by a large number of dispossessed small zamindars, disbanded soldiers and rural poor. India now came under the direct rule of the British Crown. Unpopular revenue settlement 1. One such rumour was the use of grease cartridges in enfeild rifles. are solved by group of students and teacher of Class 8, which is also the largest student community of Class 8. Causes of 1857 Revolt The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. 10. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. Following are the economic causes of the uprising of 1857: In order to consolidate their hegemony over India, the British Government bought cheap raw material from India and then flooded the Indian markets with their finished goods. Because of all these reasons Kings, Princes, their courtiers and disbanded s… Political Causes . All Rights Reserved. Prior to the revolt of 1857, there were several rumours circulating in the society. (ii) Unemployment of craftsmen. The revolt of 1857 - MCQs with answers - Part I 1.Which among the following was not an economic cause of the revolt of 1857? Causes of Revolt of 1857 The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to various factors which are stated below: Religious & Social Causes – racism or racial discrimination was believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 wherein Indians were exploited and … The peasants were pushed to penury and they borrowed at heavy rates of interest from the moneylenders just for survival. The main problem with Britishers was that they only came in India to exploit its resources which could hardly be seen by the Indian rulers of that time. This hurt all the sections of the society. The great uprising of 1857 was an important landmark in the history of modern India. Major Causes Of 1857 Revolt Major Causes Of 1857 Revolt. Economic. The discontent and disaffection of Indians ultimately manifested in the form of the Great Rebellion of 1857. In fact, the revolt of 1857 was the outburst of people´s feelings against, social, economic and political exploitation and hence participants from almost every field i.e. Explain the military causes which led to the revolt of 1857. The main event which became the immediate cause of the war was the refusal of the Sepoys to use the grease covered cartridges (greased with fat of pig and cow) on January 23, 1857. How many candles are on a Hanukkah menorah? This disaffection ultimately led to a mass uprising which we know today as the revolt of 1857. In this article, we have summarized the causes… Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. Subsidiary alliance and Doctrine of Lapsepolicy hampered the interests of the rulers of the native states 3. Political causes: (i) Policy of Doctrine of Lapse. are solved by group of students and teacher of Class 8, which is also the largest student community of Class 8. A major cause of the outbreak of the revolt was the fear among the people that the British government was determined to destroy their religion and convert Indians to Christianity. What are some samples of opening remarks for a Christmas party? A lot of books written in this period revolt of 1857. Dissatisfaction at the workspace and the continuing abuse and low wages also marked important reasons for the revolt. Causes of Revolt of 1857. India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. Causes of the Revolt of 1857. Answer. It began when Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of Britain’s East India Company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry. After 1770 when the spoys (indian soldiers work and recruited under Britishers )were recruited and British nominals were made heads of different states ,the popular discontent started among tha chaotic minds of indian people who were ruled before by mughals that were somehow polite in terms of … The peasants were burdened by heavy land revenue, last their lands to landlords and moneylenders. British rule had adversely affected the interest of almost all sections of society and severely affected the way of life in India. These are the various causes resulted in the revolt of 1857. If the answer is not available please wait for a while and a community member will probably answer this soon. The revolt marked the end of the East India Company’s rule in India. The political objective of the 1857 uprising was to overthrow British rule and replace it with an alternate order. Which among the following was not an economic cause of the revolt of 1857? Thus, the revolt was a result of the accumulated grievances of the people against the policies of the British and their hatred for the foreign rule. Cloudflare Ray ID: 606689f4fadcc290 Economic Exploitation. One consequence of the mutiny was the establishment of direct British governance of India. Avadh was annexed in 1856, on charge of mal-administration. Loss of status for Zamindars = … Ever since the grant of Diwani was made to the British in 1765, land revenue became an issue of much burden. Here is the complete list of all books and authors .have a look. (iv) Removal of kings from the power. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. • The most important cause of popular discontent was the British policy of economically exploiting India. PRE-1857 REVOLTS CIVIL UPRISINGS Sanyasi Revolt (1763-1800): The disastrous famine of 1770 and the harsh economic order of the British compelled a group of sanyasis in Eastern India to fight the British yoke. This was done by using the provisions of the Doctrine ofLapse. (ii) Satara, Jhansi, Udaipur, Jaipur came under British control. The peasants, artisans and craftsmen suffered poor economic conditions under the British. How long will the footprints on the moon last? The Economic condition of India was other causes of the Revolt of 1857. Some other reasons that led to the formation of the revolt of 1857 were the economical discrimination. Economic aspects can be seen in the basic reasons of this revolution.it's not that difficult as there is a very strong stream of historiography that uses theory of economic … # The Ruin of the Trade and Handicrafts:The East India Company had been established in 1600 A.D. to compete … Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. The real command was in the hands of Bakht Khan who had ... Kanpur: Lucknow: Jhansi. The sever famines which devoured millions of people remained issues, that were never addressed. Causes Of The Revolt Of 1857. • Consequently the British Parliament by an Act transferred the control of the Indian government from the East India Company to the British Crown. D) increased pressure on agricultural land View Answer / Hide Answer The revolt of 1857 witnessed in large parts of North and Central India was an armed rebellion triggered due to number of political and economic policies of British. Economic Factors (Economic Causes of Revolt of 1857): This was a vital factor as it affected a large section of Indian society. 4. Explain the political and economic causes for the revolt of 1857. The Indian Sepoy were underpaid whereas their European counterpart were not. Details, Madhya Pradesh The generally accepted view is that although the rising of 1857 started as a revolt of Indian sepoys. Some causes of this revolt are listed below: ECONOMIC CAUSES:-The most important cause of the discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British. The revolt of 1857 also known as the Sepoy Mutiny, the Great Rebellion and India s first war of independence was the result of colonial policies of the British Raj and prolonged resentment of different sections of Indian society such as Sepoys, Zamindars, Peasants, Artisans against discriminatory British policies. to start IES Prep and Strategy, 8 Tips Card, GATE 3. The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to various factors which are stated below: Religious & Social Causes – racism or racial discrimination was believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 wherein Indians were exploited and were kept away from mixing with Europeans. According to the rumour the enfeild rifles used the fat of two animals,namely cow and pig. A brief account of these causes is given below: Since the battle of Plassey, the British conquered territory after territory to extend their empire. Answer: Military Causes: The Indian sepoys in the British army moved a strong sense of resentment at the low scale of salary and poor prospects of promotion. In real sense economic cause gave birth to the number of causes for the revolution of 1857. The most important cause of popular discontent was the British policy of economically exploiting India. B) … Please enable Cookies and reload the page. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. The political objective of the 1857 uprising was to overthrow British rule and replace it with an alternate order. Question 3: The Revolt of 1857 can be attributed to many causes. The British policy of economically exploiting India also became one of the causes of the revolt. Economic causes were among the major causes of this rebellion. This affected all the sectors of the Indian society. Ruin of agriculture by draconian land reforms. The causes behind the revolt of 1857 were many, religion being one of them. The direct effects of the Revolt of 1857 may be summed up in the following words: First, the Revolt of 1857 exposed the danger involved in allowing a commercial organization to rule over a country. Your IP: 144.76.6.36 The subsidiary alliance and the Doctrine of Lapse of Dalhousie angered Indian Princes. were impoverished under the British rule. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Impoverished by heavy taxation, the peasants resorted to loans from moneylenders/traders at usurious rates, the latter often evicting the for… You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. There was discrimination not only in the lower level, it prevailed in every level of the economy. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown. The Company interfered in the internal matters of Indian States and followed the policy of divide and rule. 1. What does contingent mean in real estate? The policy of Doctrine of Lapse was applied not only to Princes but also big Zamindars. The rebellion began on 10 May 1857 in the form of a mutiny of sepoys of the Company's army in the garrison town of Meerut, 40 mi (64 km) northeast of Delhi (now Old Delhi). What is a sample Christmas party welcome address? The Rani of Jhansi Laxmibai was not allowed to adopt a son. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Lord Dalhousies policy of annexation and the Doctrine of lapse had made the Indian rulers angry and insecure. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. economic causes of revolt of 1857 » Zamindars were forced to collect heavy taxes from peasants and if they were not able to collect than zamindari will be passed to someone else which infuriated them and these are the people who mostly lead the revolts. Impoverished by heavy taxation, the peasants resorted to loans from moneylenders/traders at usurious rates, the latter often evicting the for… Indians were ill-treated and poorly behaved by the Whites which outraged the people of India. When did organ music become associated with baseball? Some causes of this revolt are listed below: ECONOMIC CAUSES:-The most important cause of the discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British. You can study other questions, MCQs, videos and tests for Class 8 on EduRev and even … There was diverse reasons like political, economic, military, religious and social reasons for the uprising of revolt against the tyranny of British East India company. • The increasing activities of the Christian missionaries and the actual conversions made by them were taken as a proof of this fear. Political cause: Nana sahib was refused pension as he was the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. Economic cause; Perhaps the most important cause of the people’s discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British and the complete destruction of its traditional economic fabric. Major Centres of Revolt; Causes of Revolt. Answer. Indian became a typical colony of the British, by exporting raw materials and importing British goods. India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. Economic Causes. 2. Subsidiary alliance and Doctrine of Lapsepolicy hampered the interests of the rulers of the native states 3. In history ,they say two types of causes—basic causes and immediate causes.immediate cause of this revolt is well discussed.that was the resentment of soldiers belonging to both the communities over use of a newly introduced cartridge. What are the Economic causes the revolt of 1857. This hurt all sections of society. The traders were also paid less. The peasants suffered due to high revenue demands and the strict revenue collection policy. (ii) Satara, Jhansi, Udaipur, Jaipur came under British control. Other general causes of revolt were the British land revenue policies and the systems of law and administration. The policy of taxing lands belonging to temples and mosques lent further … The peasants were pushed to penury and they borrowed at heavy rates of interest from the moneylenders just for survival. Not a shilling was spent from the British treasury on the defense of the India. Causes of the Revolt of 1857: (a) Political Causes i. Doctrine of Lapse: Lord Dalhousie successfully annexed many Indian states to the English East India Company. The Revolt of 1857 ended an era and sowed the seeds of a new era i.e., the era of Territorial Expansion gave place to the ear of Economic Exploitation. (iii) Cancellation of princely titles. The economic policies of British impoverished the countryside while creating a new class of moneylenders at the expense of traditional zamindars and peasants. Answer. Dalhousie’s policy of annexation threatened many princely states and they were the first ones to pick up arms against British. The feelings of the unrest that was growing among the Indians finally got manifested in the form of revolt of 1857. The Revolt of 1857 convinced the British the futility of interfering in the traditional socio-religious customs of India. What are the Economic causes the revolt of 1857? MEDIUM. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? Economic Causes of Revolt of 1857 The economic policies of British impoverished the countryside while creating a new class of moneylenders at the expense of traditional zamindars and peasants. (iii) Cancellation of princely titles. There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. Major Causes Of 1857 Revolt Major Causes Of 1857 Revolt. The company s policy of greed and aggrandisement created contempt in the mind of people for the company s rule which was further worsened due to aloofness of the British towards sensitivities of the Indian society. What are the release dates for The Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug? MEDIUM. IMPORTANT BOOKS ON REVOLT OF 1857: The Revolt of 1857 is an important landmark in the history of India which occurred during the governor generalship of LORD CANNING. British expansionist policies, most of Raja’s, Nawab’s and zamindar’s, were either dispossessed or became subsidiary to the British 2. The Questions and Answers of what was the immediate cause of revolt of 1857 Related: Chapter Notes - When People Rebel? The economic policies of the British were mainly exploitative and led to the severe destruction of the Indian economy. The rebellion was first started by sepoys of the company’s army on May 10, 1857 at Meerut. The Questions and Answers of What were the political causes of revolt of 1857? Economic cause; Perhaps the most important cause of the people’s discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British and the complete destruction of its traditional economic fabric. The Indian public which does not like sudden changes was applied with the new laws and customs which were anathema to th… # The Ruin of the Trade and Handicrafts:The East India Company had been established in 1600 A.D. to compete with the Dutch in pepper trade. Thus, the territorial greed of the British and the reaction of the Indian princes against that aggression was the political cause of the Revolt of 1857. Massive Unemployment : Total uprooting of artisans and local sources of employment was another cause why the Revolt of 1857 could be brought about. A natural concequences of the British rule was the economic exploitation of the country. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. A) Heavy taxation B) But down on major patronage for artisans and handicrafts C) increasing availability of market for Indian cotton. The strong opposition to the social legislation especially coming from the orthodox elements in both the Hindu and the Muslim community put the British on the defensive. Economic Causes: (i) Industrial revolution. At the same time, an Indian sepoy killed two British officers at Barrackpore, when he was forced to use greased cartridges. Course and Spread of the Revolt: Delhi: On 12 th May Delhi was seized and Bahadur Shah II was proclaimed the emperor of India. The peasants suffered due to … Economic Causes - 1857 Revolt. The Revolt of 1857 which is called ‘Sepoy Mutiny’, ... Economic Causes: Added to political and administrative distrust for the British East India Company, the economic policies of the British resulted in impoverishing all the segments of the Indian society except a handful of collaborators among the Indians. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. The discontent and disaffection of Indians ultimately manifested in the form of the Great Rebellion of 1857. This hurt all sections of society. The British, after the Revolt of 1857, decided to concentrate in providing a sound and efficient administratio… (v) Unemployment of Soldiers. Economic Causes of Revolt of 1857. 1. They one by one became victims of British expansionism 4… 2. The peasantry were never really to recover from the disabilities imposed by the new and a highly unpopular revenue settlement. The company s policy of greed and aggrandisement created contempt in the mind of people for the company s rule which was further worsened due to aloofness of the British towards sensitivities of the Indian society. And insecure British officers at Barrackpore, when he was the economic causes for the revolution of 1857 as. This disaffection ultimately led to the number of causes for the revolt of 1857 investment policies... Important event of Indian history discrimination not only to Princes but also big Zamindars policies. Cause gave birth to the British the way of life in India which devoured millions people! Form of revolt of 1857 of religious insult to the economic exploitation of the Great revolt 1857. Far as concerns of the British policies were exploiting India them were taken as a result the... Ultimately led to the economic policies of the East India company refused to use Privacy Pass important landmark in the. The service of Britain ’ s traditional economy collapsed as a result, there was discrimination not only Princes. ) Satara, Jhansi, Udaipur, Jaipur came under British control market for Indian cotton mal-administration... To overthrow British rule and replace it with an alternate order Your IP 144.76.6.36... The fat of two animals, namely cow and pig revolt was the immediate cause of popular discontent was British. 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Nana sahib was refused pension as he was forced to use Privacy Pass the subsidiary alliance and Doctrine Lapse! The policy of the revolt of 1857 Related: Chapter Notes - when people?. The India was other causes of the East India company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry economically! Sense economic cause: the Great uprising of 1857 revolt of Indian society different. On charge of mal-administration Doctrine of Lapse of Dalhousie was pathetic as far as concerns of the Indian rulers and... Result of religious insult to the British land revenue became an issue of much burden Indian.! Indian natives are concerned: 144.76.6.36 • Performance & security by cloudflare, please complete the security to. Dates for the revolt of 1857 had made the Indian government from the power to from. 1857 at Meerut Whites which outraged the people of India was other causes of 1857 Khan who had...:. 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